Research Laboratories and Centers

The main activities:

  • research of processes of interaction of polyharmonic and stochastic electromagnetic and mechanical forces, propagation of elastic waves in mechanical systems;
  • vibroacoustic diagnostics of machines and electromechanical complexes, vibration resistance of electric generating sets and electric motor units with positioning functions;
  • synthesis and development of hardware and software and materials for creation of controlled vibration protection systems that are efficient in wide ranges of vibration disturbance frequency and variable environmental factors.

The main activities:

  • development of mechanisms for introduction of energy-saving technologies and equipment;
  • development of energy saving programs in industry;
  • development of methodological documentation on energy saving problems;
  • software development in the field of energy and energy saving.

RTDS complex is designed for numerical simulation in real time of electrical, electromagnetic and electromechanical processes in the given virtual (numerical) power system model. The simulator provides interaction of the virtual model with the external physical equipment through analog and discrete signals, as well as digital interfaces (protocols). RTDS simulator is designed for R&D, engineering calculations and equipment testing. The simulator is used to investigate processes in conventional and innovative AC and DC power systems and to design and test devices designed to operate in these systems.

The Center of Digital Technologies was established in 2008. The Center conducts research in the field of modern communication systems, radar systems, radio navigation and communication based on the modern element base of micro and nanoelectronics, the latest tools for computer-aided design of systems. The Center employs over 50 young scientists and engineers. The team solves a wide range of problems from development of algorithms and mathematical modeling to implementation of complex systems in hardware and development of unique software, as well as conducting complex tests of prototypes and introducing them into serial production.

Different new scientific directions are actively developing: radar surveillance systems in the millimeter range for vehicle safety systems; translucent radar systems; ultra-wideband systems, etc.

The Laboratory conducts research in the field of software and hardware support for information protection, security and data integrity, information protection in corporate information networks, secure administration of information systems, design and maintenance of Unix, Linux OC.

Technologies for protecting software, means of processing, storing and transmitting information of a high level of responsibility (banks, cellular companies, industrial enterprises, law enforcement agencies) are developed and automated. Artificial intelligence technologies are used in information security, software products are developed in the field of access control and management systems, biometric verification of subjects, design of complex analytics systems, cryptographic data protection.

The Laboratory creates models of new floating structures, experimental determination of their hydrodynamic characteristics and seaworthiness.

The Laboratory conducts research of aerohydrodynamic characteristics of simple shape bodies (plates, balls, wings), airplanes, ships, cars, drilling rigs, buildings and the other engineering structures interacting with aero- or hydro-flows.

The Laboratory conducts research of algorithms and driver assistance systems, modeling of physical and mechanical processes of transport vehicles.

The Laboratory is designed for:

1. Conducting educational and practical classes with students.

2. Carrying out research work on laser technologies for processing metal, non-metallic and powder materials by students.

3. Research and development of technological processes using laser radiation:

  • thermal hardening of the surface of structural and tool steels and alloys of any grades, incl. based on Al, Cu, Ti;
  • laser alloying of the surface of structural materials;
  • laser surfacing of the surface of products to improve special performance properties and restore worn surfaces;
  • laser cutting and welding;
  • laser engraving, scribing and thermal splitting.

The Laboratory was established in the second half of the 1980s. Research carried out there made it possible to study new designs of forced steam-generating elements of nuclear power plants to substantiate their applicability and performance. Work is aimed at studying the resource of materials of heat exchange equipment during thermal cyclic pulsations which will allow adjusting methods for calculating the resource of equipment.

On the initiative of Professor Sergey Dmitriev the Laboratory was created. In 2016 the only unique stand in Russia for studying mixing flows which makes it possible to research the coolant flow with different temperatures and densities in reactor installations was put into operation. Study of peculiarities of mixing the coolant flow in reactor vessels will make it possible to substantiate safe operation of reactor facilities in various operating modes. Application of research results will also help to customize three-dimensional calculation and simulation programs.

Besides, work is carried out to substantiate thermotechnical reliability and resource characteristics of the main and auxiliary heat exchange equipment of nuclear power plants with pressurized water reactors. Research of fluid dynamics of the coolant is carried out in promising fuel assemblies of various types. It became possible to develop optimal design of mixing lattice deflectors for fuel assemblies of not only domestic, but also foreign reactor installations, to reveal features of the coolant flow in regular and non-standard areas of fuel assemblies. Such studies are necessary to substantiate power increasing of nuclear power plants with unchanged overall characteristics, to substantiate thermotechnical reliability and to reduce conservatism in calculations in design of NPP elements.

Experimental studies are being carried out to substantiate using of heavy liquid metal coolants as applied to reactor installations with fast reactors, thermonuclear reactors, as well as to electric nuclear installations. Currently, research is carried out on hydrodynamics, heat transfer and coolant technologies.

"Neutron Converter" Laboratory Research Complex was created in 2018 designed to perform computational and experimental studies aimed at studying the effect of neutron radiation on various materials and biological objects. These computational and experimental studies are of practical interest for JSC "Afrikantov OKBM", in particular, to substantiate safety of transport installations.

On the basis of the Laboratory Complex of Experimental Thermophysical Stands experimental stands are manufactured and tested for study of thermohydraulic processes and mixing processes of non-isothermal flows, both in static and in dynamic modes.

The Laboratory conducts research within the framework of "Development of ultra-high-sensitivity receiving systems in the terahertz wavelength range for radio astronomy and space missions" megagrant. Initiative work is carried out in the field of radio-photonics: experimental samples of optoelectronic microwave generators, radio-photon multipliers and frequency mixers have been created.

The work of the Laboratory is aimed at solving two fundamental problems:

  • creation of new materials and development of technologies for obtaining materials with specified (controlled) properties;
  • ensuring of safe operation of machines and structures.

The first problem is connected with development of scientific foundations for creation of new materials (metal, powder, composite) for work in difficult operating conditions. The second problem is related to development of scientific foundations for rapid assessment of current characteristics of materials and methods for assessing damage to materials of machine parts and structures. The solution is based on relationship between physical and mechanical characteristics of materials with parameters of technical diagnostics tools using artificial intelligence approaches.

The Laboratory is equipped with the EDX-720P energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer of Japanese company SHIMADZU. This device is designed for rapid non-destructive determination of qualitative and quantitative elemental composition of solid and liquid samples, powders, granules, plates, films.

The list of research:

  • investigation of metallic materials of unknown composition (in particular, determination of grades of alloyed steels, grades of non-ferrous metals and their alloys);
  • study of elemental composition of non-metallic materials;
  • investigation of thickness and elemental composition of single-layer and double-layer electroplated coatings;
  • investigation of metal impurities in powder materials;
  • study of elemental composition of galvanic baths;
  • investigation of corrosion products on metal materials.

Scientific work of the Branch is aimed at comprehensive study of economic security problems at the meso-level which provides for: formation of the regional system of indicators of economic security, justification of threshold values ​​and methods of normalization, use of mathematical apparatus of multi-criteria and multi-projection optimization for ranking regions. At present problems of modeling, analyzing and forecasting crisis phenomena in economy using fast indicators of economic security are actively developed. Approaches to use of artificial intelligence methods for forecasting crises and developing managerial actions to minimize negative consequences are developed. Besides, work is carried out in the field of economic security of municipalities.