Rostislav E. Alekseev. Short biography

R.E. Alexeev

R.E. Alekseev was born on December 18, 1916 in the province of Orel (now Bryansk Region). His mother was a teacher and his father was an agriculturist. In 1933 the family moved to Gorky (now Nizhny Novgorod).

In 1935 he entered the shipbuilding faculty of A.A.Zhdanov Gorky industrial institute. October 1, 1941 he defended his thesis entitled Hydrofoil Speed-Boat and was given the rank of a naval architect by the state commission.

After that the young engineer was assigned to Krasnoye Sormovo plant where he worked as an inspector foreman of the tank production from 1941 to 1943.

In 1942 the Soviet Government decided to provide him with premises. Shipbuilding administration of the Soviet Navy believed in Alekseev's ideas and assigned the necessary means to him. Alekseev's boats never participated in the operations, but the models he created proved it was possible to realize his idea.

Hydrofoil ship Burevestnik
Hydrofoil ship Burevestnik

The Soviet Government awarded Alekseev and his assistants with Stalin Prize for the successful designing and development of the hydrofoil ships in 1951. Alekseev's team began to work on an unprecedented hydrofoil passenger ship that received a symbolic name of Raketa (Rocket). In the summer of 1957 he presented it to the public in Moscow during the International Festival of Youth and Students. That was the starting point of the high-speed ships construction in the world. Every year a new boat appeared - cutter Volga, Meteor, Kometa. Sputnik, Burevestnik, and every time it was better than the previous one. In 1961 for development of a new transportation vehicle R. E. Alekseev and ten members of his team were awarded by Lenin Prize.

Airfoil boat A-90 Orlenok
Airfoil boat A-90 Orlenok

In 1962 Central Hydrofoil Design Bureau began to work on KM airfoil boat for the Soviet navy, and in 1964 the project of T-1 airfoil boat development for the Soviet airborne forces was started. The former was supposed to fly at a few meters' altitudes, while the latter had to fly at the altitude up to 7 500 meters. On Jule 22, 1966 KM (the biggest flight vehicle for that time) was launched.

In early 1970s the CHDB (Central Hydrofoil Design Bureau) received the first airfoil storm-boat was commissioned as SU Navy fighting unit. It was assigned in-service number MDE-160 (junior landing airfoil boat (ekranoplan)).

By that time Rostislav Alekseev was seriously ill and after two medical operations he died on February 9, 1980.

A hydrofoil ship and a square in Nizhny Novgorod were named after Alekseev. By resolution of the Nizhny Novgorod Government #33 of February 2, 2007 Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University was named after Rostislav E. Alekseev.